Oral Pathology

Bedford Associates in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

John P. McPhillips, DDS, MD

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery located in Bedford, TX

You might not think about your mouth as a part of your body with a high risk for ulcers, cysts, and other abnormal growths. However, your mouth often shows the earliest warnings signs of diseases that affect not only your mouth and jaw but your overall health. As an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, Col. John McPhillips, DDS, MD, is an expert in oral pathology and diagnoses and treats a wide range of conditions at Bedford Associates in Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery. If you live in or around Bedford, Texas, call or schedule an appointment online for expert oral pathology services with Dr. McPhillips.

Oral Pathology Q & A

 What is oral pathology?

Oral pathology is the study of diseases and infections that affect your mouth and jaw, including your temporomandibular joints, salivary glands, and the soft tissue in your mouth.

While you might not consider it a high-risk area, abnormal growths such as cysts, tumors, and ulcers can develop in your mouth. Your mouth is a dynamic part of your body, evolving and changing as new teeth emerge until you reach your 20s.

As an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, Dr. McPhillips has extensive training in oral pathology. He has deep knowledge and experience in diagnosing conditions and using surgical and nonsurgical treatments to manage or heal the disease.

What conditions are diagnosed with oral pathology?

While cavities are one of the most common conditions that affect your oral health, Dr. McPhillips diagnoses other conditions that affect your oral health and often indicate health conditions that affect the rest of your body.

Gum Disease

Gum disease is the infection and inflammation of your gums. The condition develops when bacteria get below your gumline and infect the soft tissue. While gum disease is preventable with excellent oral hygiene habits, conditions like diabetes can increase your risk of this painful condition and the leading cause of adult tooth loss.

Lesions and Ulcers

Everyone gets an ulcer in their mouth from time to time, usually because of something you eat like highly acidic food. However, you can also develop larger sores or lesions in your mouth, which take longer to heal and can cause scarring. Conditions like vitamin deficiency, HIV/AIDS, and inflammatory bowel diseases can cause severe mouth ulcers. Infections like herpes can also cause mouth lesions.


Injuries from accidents or violence can damage your teeth and the soft tissues of your mouth and gums. If you have a tooth knocked out, get it to Dr. McPhillips quickly and he may be able to save your tooth and reimplant it in your jaw.

Oral Cancer

Nearly 45,000 Americans are diagnosed with cancer in their throat or mouth each year. Oral cancer is most often diagnosed during a routine dental exam. As an oral surgeon and oral pathology expert, Dr. McPhillips can diagnose oral cancer and surgically remove the affected tissue.

What are the warning signs of cancer or abnormalities in my mouth and jaw?

Some of the warning signs of oral diseases you should be aware of include:

  • Red, swollen, or bleeding gums
  • Ulcers or lesions in your mouth that last for more than 10 days
  • Lumps or thick patches of tissue
  • Pain, tenderness, or numbness
  • Loose teeth, with no apparent cause

If you notice any changes in your teeth or the soft tissue of your mouth, you should make an appointment with Dr. McPhillips.

Call the practice or schedule a consultation online today.